Skip to main content

IVS Accepted by the Australian Taxation Office (ATO)

28 March 2024

The Australian Taxation Office (ATO) expressly refers to the IVSC and the International Valuation Standards (IVS) in its publicly available Legal Database

Peter Maras is a valuation, damages quantification, and accounting specialist with over 15 years of experience, currently leading Reference Consulting in Singapore since 2016.

Peter has worked extensively across various industries and purposes, including financial reporting, tax, and dispute resolution under major arbitral rules and in courts across Australia, the Cayman Islands, and Singapore. With a strong focus on start-ups, technology, and private equity, Peter is a frequent presenter and writer on valuation and accounting topics.

Article by Peter Maras, posted originally on LinkedIn

The Australian Taxation Office (ATO) expressly refers to the International Valuation Standards (IVS) in its publicly available Legal Database.

Important points to note for persons that may require share, business or intangible asset valuations for Australian tax purposes:

  1. The ATO suggests that it will accept valuations that comply with the IVS
  2. The IVS have been recently updated
  3. The ATO suggests it has certain minimum expectations of valuation reports (I note many of which mirror the requirements under the IVS)
  4. For business and intangible asset valuers, the ATO acknowledges there is no Australian formal admissions board for such valuers although a reasonable estimate of market value requires skill, knowledge and experience
  5. The ATO emphasies that the valuation process undertaken is usually a more important factor for acceptability than who conducted it.

More specifically, from the ATO’s Legal Database:

“The IVSC is the independent global standard setter for the valuation profession. It sets International Valuation Standards (IVS) that promote consistency and professionalism in the public interest. Professional valuers must also comply with additional valuation standards, such as APES 225 Valuation Services.

Most professional bodies adopt the IVS as part of their code and professional institutes and registration and licensing bodies may adopt a variation of the IVS as their code, such as the RICS Red Book. We will accept valuations that comply with these codes.”

“Valuation reports should contain all necessary information to ensure a clear understanding of the valuation analysis and demonstrate how the conclusions were reached. The primary objective of a valuation report is to provide convincing and compelling support for the conclusions reached…

…We expect a valuation report to cover, at a minimum, the following information:

  • The purpose of the valuation, including the tax and superannuation provision for which the valuation has been provided and any relevant legislative provisions, case law, and ATO guidance considered.
  • The scope of the valuation, including instructions and limitations on scope.
  • Details of the asset being valued.
  • Details of information (including its source and extent of investigation), facts, inputs, and assumptions relied upon (including subject matter particulars and industry data).
  • The standards governing the valuation engagement; for example, the IVS or APES 225.
  • The valuation assessment date; for example, a retrospective valuation assessment as at 1 July 2000.
  • The date the valuer inspected the asset being valued (if applicable).
  • The definition of value.
  • Valuation approaches and methodologies chosen, including reasons for selection and any available cross-checks.
  • Adequate records to explain the basis of the market value. These records should not only confirm that a valuation was undertaken but also contain sufficient detail to enable the valuation process to be replicated. Failure to maintain detailed reports and working papers may affect the credibility of the valuation and may not meet statutory record-keeping requirements. Where a valuation is straightforward or the asset's value can readily be determined objectively, the report and associated records may be brief.
  • Expert reports (that have details similar to those required in valuation reports) and the use of experts. When relying on an expert in the valuation process, you should include sufficient detail to confirm the expert's competency in the field.
  • Reasonable use of assumptions, methods, and sources of data.
  • Independence (or, if not independent, disclose the dependency and justification for it).
  • The use of previous valuations, if applicable. If a valuer seeks to rely on a previous valuation, difficulties are likely to arise if the previous valuation was compiled for a different purpose. The current valuation should:
    • Explain how the previous valuation is relevant to the current valuation, with a particular focus on the purpose of that valuation compared to the purpose of the current one.
    • Confirm that the information and assumptions used in the previous valuation are still relevant.
    • Declare how any adjustments and changes have been made to comply with any statutory requirements associated with the valuation.
  • An explanation and quantifying of any material differences from values such as known historical costs, and values supported by previous valuations and valuations with a similar or proximate valuation date.
  • Valuation conclusion that requires the specific market value be ascertained. Where the selected method leads to a range of possible values, an explanation is needed as to why the specific market value finally nominated was adopted.
  • Any risks, disclaimers, and indemnities. For instance, where a business valuation is dependent on the success of a commercial initiative by that business, these risks should be described in sufficient detail to show that they have been given due consideration and weight.
  • Terms of engaging the valuer, including any special instructions relating to the valuation, whether in writing or verbal. In particular, the report should disclose any instructions that have affected, or are likely to affect, the valuation process.
  • The valuer's identity, status, and qualifications.
  • Declaration of independence and any conflicts of interest, including any relationship the valuer has with the client, in sufficient detail for us to assess the valuer's independence.
  • The date the report is issued.
There are more than 170 member organisations
of the IVSC, operating in 137 countries worldwide. Join them.

Become part of a global network working to enhance valuation standards and professionalism.

There are more than 200 member organisations
of the IVSC, operating in 137 countries worldwide. Join them.

Become part of a global network working to enhance valuation standards and professionalism.